Iran Recognizes Israel

Iran Recognizes Israel ... 05/03/1950 History

Keywords:#1979_Revolution,, #Arab, #India, #Iran, #Iraqi, #Israel, #Middle_East, #Mohammad_Reza_Pahlavi, #Muslim, #Pahlavi, #Palestine, #Prime_Minister, #Revolution, #Reza_Pahlavi, #Shah, #Shah_of_Iran, #Soviet, #Soviet_Union, #Tehran, #Turkey, #Yugoslavia

In the cabinet meeting of Prime Minister Mohammad Sa'ed Maraghei on 5th March, 1950 recognition of Israel was approved.
Iran was the second Muslim-majority country to recognize Israel as a sovereign nation after Turkey. After the 1953 coup d'état, which brought pro-Western Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to power, relations between the two countries significantly improved. Israel viewed Iran as a natural ally as a non-Arab power on the edge of the Arab world, in accordance with David Ben Gurion's concept of an alliance of the periphery. Israel had a permanent delegation in Tehran which served as an unofficial de facto embassy.
In 1947, Iran was one of the eleven nations selected to form a Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) to recommend a resolution to the issue of the Palestine Mandate. After much deliberation the committee presented a Partition plan for Palestine, which had the support of eight out of eleven members of the committee. Iran along with India and Yugoslavia opposed the plan, predicting it would lead to an escalation of violence. Maintaining that peace could only be established through a single federal state, Iran voted against the partition plan when it was adopted by the UN General assembly. The Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, predicted that the partition would lead to generations of fighting.
After the 1979 Revolution, Iran severed all diplomatic and commercial ties with Israel, and its islamic government does not recognize the legitimacy of Israel as a state.
The turning point from cold peace toward hostility occurred in the early 1990s, shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union and defeat of the Iraqi Army during Desert Storm, after which distribution of relative power shifted towards Iran and Israel and formed a nascent bipolar structure in the Middle East. The conflict escalated in the early 1990s, as Yitzhak Rabin's government adopted a more aggressive posture on Iran.

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