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Updated:Tuesday 14th October 2014

Seljuk Definition

Seljuks are members of Turkish dynasties which ruled Asia Minor in the 11th to 13th centuries. The Seljuk Turkish history spanned the period from 1060 to around 1307. Prior to the ninth century, hordes of Turks had crossed the Volga River into the Black Sea steppes. Originally, the House of Seljuk was a branch of the Oghuz Turks who in the 9th century lived on the periphery of the Muslim world, north of the Caspian and Aral seas in their Yabghu Khaganate of the Oghuz confederacy, in the Steppe of today's Turkestan.In the 10th century the Seljuks migrated from their ancestral homelands into mainland Persia, in the province of Khorasan, where they mixed with the local population and adopted the Persian culture and language in the following decades.They captured Baghdad in 1055 and the Caliph of Baghdad made their leader, Toghrol Bey his deputy and gave him the title “King of East and West". The Seljuks however assumed they were the rightful owners of all land conquered during the time of Prophet Mohammed. (Wikipedia) - Seljuk For other uses, see Seljuk (disambiguation). Seljuk Full name House Died
Hero of the Seljuk Turks
Seljuq dynasty
c. 1036

Seljuk (Modern Turkish: Selçuk, Turkmen: Seljuk, Persian: سلجوق‎ Saljūq; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; died c. 1038) was the eponymous hero of the Seljuq Turks. He was the son of a certain Toqaq surnamed Temür Yalığ (meaning "of the iron bow") and either the chief or an eminent member from the Kınık tribe of the Oghuz Turks. In 985, the Seljuq clan split off from the bulk of the Tokuz-Oghuz, a confederacy of nine clans long settled between the Aral and Caspian Seas. They set up camp on the right bank of the lower Syr Darya (Jaxartes), in the direction of Jend, near Kzyl Orda in present day south-central Kazakhstan. There, in 985, Seljuk converted to Islam.

The biblical names of his four sons — Mikâîl (Michael), Isrâîl (Israel), Mûsâ (Moses), and Yûnus (Jonah) — suggest previous acquaintance with either Khazar Judaism or Nestorian Christianity. According to some sources, Seljuk began his career as an officer in the Khazar army.

Under Mikâîl''s sons Tuğrul and Çağrı, the Seljuqs migrated into Khurasan. Ghaznavid attempts to stop Seljuqs raiding the local Muslim populace led to the Battle of Dandanaqan on 23 May 1040. Victorious Seljuqs became masters of Khurasan, expanding their power into Transoxiana and across Iran. By 1055, Tuğrul had expanded his control all the way to Baghdad, setting himself up as the champion of the Abbasid caliph, who honored him with the title sultan. Earlier rulers may have used this title but the Seljuqs seem to have been the first to inscribe it on their coins.

  • 1 Legacy
  • 2 See also
  • 3 Notes
  • 4 References


Selçuk has been a common masculine given name by Turkish people since Seljuq times.

Tags:Abbasid, Asia, Asia Minor, Baghdad, Bey, Caspian, Christianity, Iran, Islam, Israel, Jonah, Judaism, Kazakhstan, Khazar, Khorasan, Muslim, Nestorian, Persia, Persian, Seljuk, Toghrol, Transoxiana, Turkestan, Turkish, Turks, Volga, Wikipedia

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