Pisidia

سیدیا

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Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Pisidia Definition

Pisidia was an ancient region, southern Anatolia.Most of it was composed of the Taurus Mountains, which provided refuge for a lawless population that resisted successive conquerors. It was incorporated into the Roman province of Galatia in the early 1st century AD and became part of Lycia and Pamphylia under the emperor Vespasian in AD 74. Diocletian included Pisidia in the diocese of Asia с 297. During Byzantine times it continued to be a region of revolt. By 1204 the Byzantine Empire had lost control of the region to Turkish settlers.Pisidia was a region of ancient Asia Minor located north of Lycia, and bordering Caria, Lydia, Phrygia and Pamphylia. It corresponds roughly to the modern-day province of Antalya in Turkey. Among Pisidia's settlements were Termessus, Selge, Cremna, Sagalassos, Etenna, Antiochia, Neapolis, Tyriacum, Laodiceia, Katakekaumene and Philomelium.The area of Pisidia has been inhabited since the Paleolithic age; with some settlements known from historical times ranging in age from the eighth to third millennium BC. The ancestors of the classical Pisidians were likely present in the region before the 14th century BC, when Hittite records refer to a mountain site of Salawassa, identified with the later site of Sagalassos. At that time, Pisidia appears to have been part of the region the Hittites called Arzawa. The Pisidian language is poorly known, but is assumed to be a member of the Anatolian branch of Indo-European languages.Herodotus mentioned the Pisidic people in the text which they were called "Lakuna" but this was one of the names given to Pisidic tribes, which occupied a little mountainous region north to the Antalya Bay. Pisidians are known to be among the nations which helped the Persians in their war against Greece. There can be little doubt that the Pisidians and Pamphylians were the same people, but the distinction between the two seems to have been established at an early period. Herodotus, who does not mention the Pisidians, enumerates the Pamphylians among the nations of Asia Minor, while Ephorus mentions them both, correctly including the one among the nations on the interior, the other among those of the coast. Pamphylia early received colonies from Greece and other lands, and from this cause, combined with the greater fertility of their territory, became more civilized than its neighbor in the interior. Pisidia remained a wild, mountainous region, and one of the most difficult for outside powers to rule.As far back as the Hittite period, Pisidia was host to independent communities not under the Hittite yoke. Known for its warlike factions, it remained largely independent of the Lydians, and even the Persians, who conquered Anatolia in the 6th century BC, and divided the area into satrapies for greater control, were unable to cope with constant uprisings and turmoil. (Wikipedia) - Pisidia For the genus of porcelain crabs, see Pisidia (genus). Pisidia (Πισιδία) Location State existed Language Notable cities Roman province
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Theatre of Termessos
Southern Anatolia
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Pisidian
Termessos, Sagalassos
Asia, Galatia
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Pisidia (/pɨˈsɪdiə/, Greek: Πισιδία, Turkish: Pisidya) was a region of ancient Asia Minor located north of Lycia, and bordering Caria, Lydia, Phrygia and Pamphylia. It corresponds roughly to the modern-day province of Antalya in Turkey. Among Pisidia''s settlements were Termessus, Selge, Cremna, Sagalassos, Etenna, Antiochia, Neapolis, Tyriacum, Laodiceia Katakekaumene and Philomelium.

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