Parliament

پارلمان


See Also:Majlis


ID:6791 Section:

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Parliament Definition

House of representatives, legislature, senate, official government council, national legislative body of certain countries (Wikipedia) - Parliament This article is about the legislative institution. For other uses, see Parliament (disambiguation).

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"Parliaments" redirects here. For the American-style doo-wop quintet, see The Parliaments.The chamber of the House of Commons of the British Parliament in the City of Westminster, London.The Federal Assembly of Switzerland.The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra.Session Hall of Parliament of Finland.

A parliament is a legislature. More generally, "parliament" may simply refer to a democratic government''s legislature. The term is derived from the French parlement, the action of parler ("to speak"): a parlement is a discussion. The term came to mean a meeting at which such a discussion took place. It acquired its modern meaning as it came to be used for the body of people (in an institutional sense) who would meet to discuss matters of state.

Generally, a parliament has three functions: representation, legislation and parliamentary control (i.e., hearings, inquiries).

Contents
  • 1 Origins
  • 2 Parliament government
  • 3 Proto-parliamentarian institutions
  • 4 Parliaments of the United Kingdom
  • 5 List of national parliaments
  • 6 List of Subnational parliamentary governments
  • 7 Other parliaments
    • 7.1 Contemporary supranational parliaments
    • 7.2 Equivalent national legislatures
    • 7.3 Defunct
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Origins

The Sicilian Parliament is considered one of the oldest in the world (together with that Icelandic and Faroese, which, however, had no decision-making powers, a fact which makes the Sicilian Parliament the first in the modern sense). In 1097 came the first conference in Mazara del Vallo convened by Roger I the Great Count of a parliament initially travelling. The Sicilian Parliament was made up of three branches: from feudalism, from the Ecclesiastical and from the State Property. The first Norman parliament was not a deliberative, and had only an advisory function and confirmation of the sovereign, especially in taxation, economics and wars. Members were chosen from the more powerful nobles. The use of the term ''parliament'' to designate such a body first occurred amongst the French-speaking nobility in England in 1236. The word “parliament” comes from the French “parler”, which means “to talk” or “to discuss”.

Parliament government  Nations with bicameral legislatures.   Nations with unicameral legislatures.