ID:6154 Section: Artemisia Name Pendants

Updated:Saturday 11th October 2014

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Mithra Definition

Mithra is Persian goddes of light and truth (protector against evil); Persian sun god. Mithra was associated with the Greek Helios and the Roman Sol Invictus. The first written reference to Mithra dates to 1400 BC.Mithra is the Zoroastrian divinity (yazata) of covenant and oath. In addition to being the divinity of contracts, Mithra is also a judicial figure, an all-seeing protector of Truth, and the guardian of cattle, the harvest and of The Waters.The term Mithra is from the Avesta language. In Middle Iranian languages Mithra became Mehr which is another word for the Sun and kindness in Persian.Royal names incorporating Mithra's (e.g. "Mithradates") appear in the dynasties of Parthia, Armenia, and in Anatolia, in Pontus and Cappadocia.Mithra is described in the Zoroastrian Avesta scriptures as, "Mithra of wide pastures, of the thousand ears, and of the myriad eyes,"(Yasna 1:3), "the lofty, and the everlasting...the province ruler,"(Yasna 1:11), "the Yazad (divinity) of the spoken name"(Yasna 3:5), and "the holy,"(Yasna 3:13)The Khorda Avesta (Book of Common Prayer) also refers to Mithra in the Litany to the Sun, "Homage to Mithra of wide cattle pastures,"(Khorshid Niyayesh 5), "Whose word is true, who is of the assembly,Who has a thousand ears, the well-shaped one, Who has ten thousand eyes, the exalted one, Who has wide knowledge, the helpful one, Who sleeps not, the ever wakeful. We sacrifice to Mithra, The lord of all countries, Whom Ahouramazda created the most glorious, of the supernatural yazads. Like most other divinities, Mithra is not mentioned by name in the Gathas, the oldest texts of Zoroastrianism and generally attributed to Zoroaster himself. Mithra also does not appear by name in the Yasna Haptanghaiti, a seven-verse section of the Yasna liturgy that is linguistically as old as the Gathas. The lack of Mithra's presence in these texts was once a cause of some consternation amongst Iranians. An often repeated speculation of the first half of the 20th century was that the lack of any mention (i.e. Zoroaster's silence) of Mithra in these texts implied that Zoroaster had rejected Mithra. This ex silencio speculation is no longer followed. Building on that speculation was another series of speculations that postulated that the reason why Zoroaster did not mention Mithra was because the latter was the supreme god of a bloodthirsty group of daeva-worshipers that Zoroaster condemned. However, "no satisfactory evidence has yet been adduced to show that, before Zoroaster, the concept of a supreme god existed among Iranians or that among them Mithra – or any other divinity – ever enjoyed a separate cult of his or her own outside either their ancient or their Zoroastrian pantheons."As a member of the ahuric triad, a feature that only Ahouramazda and Ahura Berezaiti (Apam Napat) also have, Mithra is an exalted figure. As the divinity of contract, Mithra is un-deceivable, infallible, eternally watchful, and never-resting. Mithra is additionally the protector of cattle, and his stock epithet is "of wide pastures." He is guardian of the waters and ensures that those pastures receive enough of it.In the Zoroastrian calendar, the sixteenth day of the month and the seventh month of the year are dedicated to, and under the protection of, Mithra. (Iranian calendar of 1925 adopted Zoroastrian month names, and the seventh month of the (Wikipedia) - Mithra This article is about the Zoroastrian yazata. For other uses, see Mitra. Zoroastrianism Primary topics Angels and demons Scripture and worship Accounts and legends History and culture Adherents
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