(Wikipedia) - Karim Khan For the cricketer known as Karim Khan, see Karim Khan (cricketer). For the village in Iran, see Karim Khan, Iran.
Karim Khan Zand
|''Vakil e-Ra''aayaa وكيل الرّعايا (Representative of the People) |
|1750 – 1 May/March 1779 |
|Mohammad Ali Khan |
|Zand dynasty |
|c. 1705 |
|1 May/March 1779 Zand Palace, Shiraz |
|Pars Museum, Shiraz 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500Coordinates: 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500 |
|Shia Islam |
Karim Khan Zand, also known as Mohammad Karim (Persian:کریم خان زند), (c. 1705–1779), was the founder of the Zand Dynasty. He ruled all of Iran except for Khorasan, he also ruled over some Caucasian lands and occupied Basra for some years. Contents
- 1 Biography
- 2 Legacy
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 Sources
- 6 External links
Karim Khan''s ethnicity is still disputed to this day, some sources suggested that he was of Lak or Lur origin. Wadie Jwaideh suggested his proud Kurdishness.
Karim Khan Zand was one of the generals of Nader Shah. After Nader Shah''s death in 1747, Persia fell into a state of civil war. At that time, Karim Khan, Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari and Ali Mardan Khan reached an agreement to divide the country among themselves and give the throne to Ismail III. However, the cooperation ended after Ali Mardan Khan invaded Isfahan and killed Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari. Subsequently, Karim Khan killed Ali Mardan Khan and gained control over all of Iran except Greater Khorasan, ruled by Shahrokh, grandson of Nader Shah. Nevertheless, he did not adopt the title of Shah for himself, preferring the title, Vakil e-Ra''aayaa (Representative of the People).
While Karim was ruler, Persia recovered from the devastation of 40 years of war, providing the war ravaged country with a renewed sense of tranquility, security, peace, and prosperity. During his reign, relations with Britain were restored, and he allowed the East India Company to have a trading post in southern Iran. He made Shiraz his capital and ordered the construction of several architectural projects there. Following Karim Khan''s death, civil war broke out once more, and none of his descendants were able to rule the country as effectively as he had. The last of these descendants, Lotf Ali Khan, was killed by Agha Mohammad Khan, and the Qajar dynasty came to power. Legacy
To this day, he has a reputation as one of the most just and able rulers in Iranian history. A wealth of tales and anecdotes portray Karim Khan as a compassionate ruler, genuinely concerned with the welfare of his subjects. In the words of John Malcolm, "The happy reign of this excellent prince, as contrasted with those who preceded and followed him, affords the historian of Persia that kind of mixed pleasure and repose, which a traveler enjoys on arriving in a beautiful and fertile valley during an arduous journey over barren and rugged wastes. It is pleasing to recount the actions of a chief who, though born of an inferior rank, obtained power without crime, and who exercised it with a moderation that, for the times in which he lived, was as singular as his humanity and justice." He is buried at Pars Museum of Shiraz.
Tags:Agha Mohammad Khan, Ali Mardan Khan, Bakhtiari, Basra, Britain, Caucasian, Dynasty, East India Company, Greater Khorasan, India, Iran, Iranian, Isfahan, Islam, John Malcolm, Karim Khan, Karim Khan Zand, Khan, Khorasan, Nader Shah, Pars Museum of Shiraz, Persia, Persian, Qajar, Shah, Shia, Shia Islam, Shiraz, Vakil, Wikipedia, Zand, Zand Dynasty