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Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Cappadocia Definition

Ancient Asia Minor district in valley of the upper Kızıl Irmak in modern Turkey (capital Caesarea Mazaca)Cappadocia is a mountainous area located in modern-day Turkey; Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age, and was the homeland of the Hittite power centered at Hattusa. After the fall of the Hittite Empire and their defeat by the Lydian king Croesus in the 6th century BC, Cappadocia was ruled by a sort of feudal aristocracy, dwelling in strong castles and keeping the peasants in a servile condition, which later made them apt for foreign slavery. Cappadocia was included in the third Persian satrapy in the division established by Dariush The Great, but continued to be governed by rulers of its own, none apparently supreme over the whole country and all more or less tributaries of the Great King.Cappadocia became a semi-independent kingdom under Ariarathes I, a contemporary of Alexander the Great. Important as a Roman ally and client, it was annexed by the emperor Tiberius in AD 17 and made a Roman province. With its command over strategic passes in the Taurus Mountains, the area was a bulwark of the Byzantine Empire until the 11th century.Following the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, various Turkish clans under the leadership of the Seljuks began settling in Anatolia. With the rise of Turkish power in Anatolia, Cappadocia slowly became a tributary to the Turkish states that were established to the east and to the west, and some of the population converted to Islam. By the end of the early 12th century, Anatolian Seljuks had established their sole dominance over the region. (Wikipedia) - Cappadocia "Cappadocian" redirects here. For other uses, see Cappadocia (disambiguation) and Cappadocian (disambiguation).
Ancient Region of Anatolia Cappadocia
Above: Mount Aktepe near Göreme and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Location Central Anatolia Region, Turkey 38°39′30″N 34°51′13″E / 38.65833°N 34.85361°E / 38.65833; 34.85361
State existed: Quasi-independent in various forms until 17 AD
Historical capitals Mazaca
Roman province Cappadocia
UNESCO World Heritage Site Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia Type Criteria Reference UNESCO region Inscription history Inscription
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
i, iii, v, vii
Europe and North America
1985 (9th Session)
Part of a series on the History of Turkey
  • Prehistory of Anatolia
Palaeolithic Anatolia c. 500,000–  10,000 BC
Mesolithic Anatolia c. 11,000–  9,000 BC
Neolithic Anatolia c. 8,000–  5,500 BC
Bronze Age
Troy 3000–700 BC
Hattians 2500–2000 BC
Akkadian Empire 2400–2150 BC
Luvia 2300–1400 BC
Assyria 1950–1750 BC
Achaeans (Homer) 1700–1300 BC
Kizzuwatna 1650–1450 BC
Hittites 1680–1220 BC
Arzawa 1500–1320 BC
Mitanni 1500–1300 BC
Hayasa-Azzi 1500–1290 BC
Lycia 1450–350 BC
Assuwa 1300–1250 BC
Diauehi 1200–800 BC
Neo-Hittites 1200–800 BC
Phrygia 1200–700 BC
Caria 1150–547 BC
Tuwanuwa 1000–700 BC
Ionia 1000–545 BC
Urartu 859–595/585 BC
Classical Age
  • Classical Anatolia
  • Classical Thrace
Lydia 685–547 BC
Achaemenid Empire 559–331 BC
Kingdom of Alexander the Great 334–301 BC
Kingdom of Cappadocia 322-130 BC
Antigonids 306–168 BC
Seleucid Empire 305–64 BC
Kingdom of Pontus 302–64 BC
Bithynia 297–74 BC
Kingdom of Pergamon 282–129 BC
Galatia 281–64 BC
Armenian Empire 190 BC–428 AD
Roman Republic 133–27 BC
Kingdom of Commagene 163 BC–72 AD
Roman Empire 27 BC–330 AD
Sassanian Empire 224–651 BC
Medieval Age
  • Medieval Anatolia
Byzantine Empire 330–1453
Rashidun Caliphate 637–656
Great Seljuk State 1037–1194
Danishmends 1071–1178
Anatolian beyliks 1081-1423
Sultanate of Rum 1077–1307
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia 1078–1375
County of Edessa 1098–1150
Artuqids 1101–1409
Empire of Trebizond 1204–1461
Empire of Nicaea 1204–1261
Latin Empire 1204–1261
Ilkhanate 1256–1335
Kara Koyunlu 1375–1468
Ak Koyunlu 1378–1501
Ottoman Empire
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Stagnation 1606–1699
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Dissolution 1792–1923
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Cappadocia (/kæpəˈdoʊʃə/; also Capadocia; Turkish: Kapadokya, from Greek: Καππαδοκία Kappadokía, from Ancient Greek: Καππαδοκία, from Old Persian:

Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Ak Koyunlu, Akkadian, Alexander the Great, Anatolia, Anatolian, Armenian, Asia, Asia Minor, Assyria, Bithynia, Bronze Age, Byzantine, Byzantine Empire, Caliphate, Cappadocia, Caria, Cilicia, Croesus, Dariush, Edessa, Europe, Galatia, Greek, Hittite, Hittites, Ilkhanate, Ionia, Islam, Kara Koyunlu, Lycia, Lydia, Manzikert, North America, Old Persian, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Palaeolithic, Persian, Phrygia, Prehistory, Rashidun, Roman, Sassanian, Seleucid, Seljuk, Taurus, Thrace, Tiberius, Trebizond, Troy, Turkey, Turkish, Turks, UNESCO, Wikipedia, World Heritage, World Heritage Site

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