Bank Melli

بانک ملی

See Also:Bank Melli Iran

ID:7875 Section: Bank

Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Bank Melli Definition

The year 1928 should be regarded as a turning point in Iran's banking and economic history. It was in that year that after nearly 40 years of foreign dominance on the country's banking scene, Bank Melli Iran, the first Iranian commercial bank was established and the long-awaited dream of the Iranian nation turned into reality. With the establishment of Bank Melli Iran and consequential suspension of foreign banks licensees, the then disorderly economic trend of the country was reversed and the newly founded bank began to get momentum in strengthening of the economic structure and development of agriculture, industry and commerce by mobilizing the huge financial resources and popular savings and by channeling credits toward productive activities. Bank Melli Iran took an important role in the country’s economic advancement. In the year 1931 parliament granted sole powers to Bank Melli Iran to issue banknotes, thus establishing the bank as the country’s bank of issue. Thereafter the bank assumed responsibility for additional central bank functions including government banking operations, the regulation of currency circulation, maintenance of balance of payments surpluses, credit regulation as well as supervision of the country’s banking system. In 1960, pursuant to the promulgation of the State Banking and Monetary law and the establishment of Bank Markazi Iran ( The Central Bank ), Bank Melli Iran relinquished its central banking functions. Such development enabled Bank Melli Iran to concentrate more fully on commercial banking transactions and to achieve further success by taking long strides on that front. (Wikipedia) - Bank Melli Iran   (Redirected from Bank Melli) National Bank of Iran Native name Type Founded Headquarters Key people Revenue Employees Website
Persian: بانک ملی ایران
State bank
Tehran, Iran
Abdulnaser Hemmati (Chairman)
US$72 billion (2011)

Bank Melli Iran (BMI, Persian: بانک ملی ایران‎, lit. National Bank of Iran) is the first national Iranian bank. The bank was established in 1927 by the order of the Majlis (the Iranian Parliament) and since then has consistently been one of the most influential Iranian banks.

In 1931 the Iranian Majlis authorized the bank to print and distribute the Iranian currency rial. BMI acted as the central bank of Iran until Bank Markazi was established in 1960, after which all of its central banking responsibilities were transferred to the new central bank. Since 1933, BMI has grown to become a large retail bank with several domestic and international branches. BMI opened its first foreign branch in Hamburg, Germany, in 1965. BMI is now the largest commercial retail bank in Iran and in the Middle East with over 3,300 branches and 43,000 employees. Bank Melli Iran is owned and operated by the government of Iran.

  • 1 Islamic banking
  • 2 Financial numbers and statistics
  • 3 Current CEO and directors
  • 4 Significant buildings
  • 5 Offices
  • 6 Terrorist bombing
  • 7 Civil lawsuit
  • 8 United States sanctions
  • 9 European Union sanctions
  • 10 See also
  • 11 External links
  • 12 References

Islamic banking See also: Banking and Insurance in Iran

All banks in Iran must follow the banking principles and practices described in the Islamic Banking (Sharia) law of Iran passed in 1983 by the Islamic Majlis of Iran. According to this law, banks can only engage in interest-free Islamic transactions (interest is considered as usury or riba and is forbidden by Islam and its holy book the Quran). The permitted commercial transactions involve exchange of goods and services in return for a share of the assumed profit. All such transactions are performed through Islamic contracts, such as mozarebe, foroush aghsati, joale, salaf, and gharzol-hassane. Details of these contracts and related practices are contained in the Iranian Interest-Free banking law and its guidelines.

First series of 5 Rials banknote of Reza Shah eraFinancial numbers and statisticsBank Melli Iran Building in TabrizOne of the branches of Melli bank in Nishapur

As of June 16, 2008 (1 USD is approximately 9,313 Iranian rial (Rls)):

  • Total assets = Rls 360,517 billion
  • Capitalization = Rls 36,487 billion
  • Net income after tax = Rls 772 billion
  • Total loans = Rls 163,595 billion
  • Number of branches = 3,300
  • Number of employees = 43,000
  • Bank Melli Iran (BMI) has offered close to 30 percent of all credits to economic, production, industrial and services sectors.
  • Online banking services offered by Bank Melli have registered a 370-percent growth in 2008.
Current CEO and directors
  • abdulnaser hemmati chairman
  • Khosro khaje hasani
  • Jamal Damghanian
  • Mansour khaki
  • Abbas kamraii
  • Mohamad Reza Hossein Zadeh
Significant buildings
  • Ferdowsi Building — Ferdowsi Avenue, Tehran

Bank Melli Iran has 18 international branches and services in 11 countries:

Terrorist bombing

On January 26, 1981, a bomb exploded outside the San Francisco offices of Bank Melli Iran. According to the National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism, a bomb exploded at BMI branch in San Francisco, shattering windows and damaging the wall of the building where the explosive was planted. No injuries were reported and no arrests were made.

Civil lawsuit

Following the September 1997 suicide bombing in Jerusalem, five American students who had been wounded were awarded $251 million in compensatory and punitive damages against the government of Iran and the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps by Judge Ricardo M. Urbina, under the Flatow Amendment of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, in accordance with Section 201a of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002, which states that "in every case in which a person has obtained a judgment against a terrorist party on a claim based upon an act of terrorism ... the blocked assets of that terrorist party ... shall be subject to execution". Since most Iranian assets in the United States had been withdrawn after the embassy hostage crisis, the only substantial monetary asset left was approximately $150,000 in the Bank Melli''s account in the Bank of New York. Before turning over the funds to the five students, however, the Bank of New York sued for a legal decision regarding its responsibilities in the case. The United States Department of Justice, speaking as amicus curiae in support of Bank Melli, advised that the bank had no responsibility for turning the funds over to the students; in March, 2006, Judge Denise Cole ruled against them, and was upheld by the Second Circuit Court in April, 2007. Bank Melli then withdrew the funds from Bank of New York.

United States sanctions

On 25 October 2007, the United States imposed unilateral sanctions against Iran. These sanctions include new measures to reduce Iran’s ability to conduct financial transactions between the state-owned banks of Iran and United States citizens or private organisations. Bank Melli was included in these sanctions, on the grounds that, besides its other customers, Bank Melli provides financial services to Iran’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes. A fact sheet released by the US Treasury Department also asserts that between 2002 and 2006 Bank Melli sent at least $100 million to Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Hezbollah and other groups, via the Quds Force, a branch of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.

In a statement published on its web site, BMI refutes the US allegations and categorically denies that it has ever been involved in any "deceptive banking practices".

European Union sanctions

On 16 June 2008, the European Union imposed further unilateral sanctions against Iran. These sanctions will include the European Union freezing the assets of Bank Melli, in response to Tehran''s refusal to suspend its uranium enrichment program.

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