Anwar Sadat

انور سادات

ID:20941 Section: Person

Updated:Tuesday 27th January 2015

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(Wikipedia) - Anwar Sadat
  • Muhammad Anwar El-Sadat
  • أنور السادات
3rd President of EgyptPrime Minister Vice President Preceded by Succeeded by Prime Minister of Egypt President Preceded by Succeeded by President Preceded by Succeeded by Vice President of Egypt President Preceded by Succeeded by President Preceded by Succeeded by Speaker of the National Assembly of Egypt President Preceded by Succeeded by President Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Died Nationality Political party Other political affiliations Spouse(s) Children Religion Signature Military service Allegiance Service/branch Years of service Rank
In office 15 October 1970 – 6 October 1981 Acting: 28 September 1970 – 15 October 1970
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    • Abd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi
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See list
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Sufi Abu Taleb (Acting) Hosni Mubarak
In office 15 May 1980 – 6 October 1981
Mustafa Khalil
Hosni Mubarak
In office 26 March 1973 – 25 September 1974
Aziz Sedki
Abd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi
In office 19 December 1969 – 14 October 1970
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Hussein el-Shafei
Ali Sabri
In office 17 February 1964 – 26 March 1964
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Hussein el-Shafei
Zakaria Mohieddin
In office 26 March 1964 – 12 November 1968
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
Mohamed Labib Skokeir
In office 21 July 1960 – 27 September 1961
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
Muhammad Anwar El-Sadat (1918-12-25)25 December 1918 El Monufia, Egypt
6 October 1981(1981-10-06) (aged 62) Cairo, Egypt (assassination)
National Democratic Party
Arab Socialist Union
  • Ehsan Madi
  • Jehan Sadat
Lubna Anwar Sadat Noha Anwar Sadat Gamal Anwar El Sadat Jehan Anwar Sadat
Sunni Islam
Egyptian Army

Muhammad Anwar El Sadat (Arabic: محمد أنور السادات‎ Muḥammad Anwar as-Sādāt  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: ; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whom he served as Vice President twice and whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

In his eleven years as president, he changed Egypt''s trajectory, departing from many of the political, and economic tenets of Nasserism, re-instituting a multi-party system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. As President, he led Egypt in the October War of 1973 to regain Egypt''s Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and, for a time, the wider Arab World. Afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with Israel, culminating in the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty; this won him and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin the Nobel Peace Prize. Though reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of Sinai to Egypt—was generally favorable among Egyptians, it was rejected by the country''s Muslim Brotherhood and leftists in particular, who felt Sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a Palestinian state. With the exception of Sudan, the Arab world and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) strongly opposed Sadat''s efforts to make a separate peace with Israel without prior consultations with the Arab states. His refusal to reconcile with them over the Palestinian issue resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League from 1979 to 1989. The peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination.


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