Patience is bitter, but it has a sweet fruit

فارسی »» The Iranian History Era :16 Mongol Ilkhanates (1256 - 1353) AD


November, 19, 1256 A.D.:
Alamout Surrenders To Hulagu


The last Grand Master of Alamout was Roknoddin who allegedly plotted his father Alaaddin's murder on December 1,1255. Meanwhile Hulagu was continuing his expedition of Persia. He captured some of the most important strongholds of Assassins and the inhabitants were put to death in March 1956. Roknodd... Read Full Article:


April, 21, 1258 A.D.:
Composition of Golestan of Saadi Begins


The Golestan (Persian: گُلِستان‎, also transliterated as Gulistân and Gulistan "The Flower Garden") is a landmark of Persian literature, perhaps its single most influential work of prose. Written in 1258 CE, it is one of two major works of the Persian poet Sa'di, considered one of the gre... Read Full Article:


May, 6, 1259 A.D.:
Foundation of Maragheh Observatory


Maragheh observatory (Persian: رصدخانه مراغه‎) was an astronomical observatory established in 1259 CE under the patronage of the Ilkhanid Hulagu and the directorship of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, a Persian scientist and astronomer. Located in the heights west of Maragheh, which is today sit... Read Full Article:


November, 22, 1267 A.D.:
Earthquake Destroys Neishabour


A very strong earthquake jolts the historical city of Neishabour and destroys it totally leaving many dead and wounded. The city was rebuilt in three years. Neishabour a city known for being the birthplace of Omar Khayyam became a very important city during the Sassanid era. Neishabour once became ... Read Full Article:


March, 19, 1279 A.D.:
Battle of Yamen


The naval Battle of Yamen (simplified Chinese: 崖门战役; traditional Chinese: 厓門戰役) (also known as the Naval Battle of Mount Ya; simplified Chinese: 崖山海战; traditional Chinese: 厓山海戰) took place on 19 March 1279 and is considered to be the last stand of the Song dynasty aga... Read Full Article:


June, 16, 1295 A.D.:
Ilkhanates Embrace Islam


In a political move, Ghazan Khan converted to Islam, on June, 16, 1295 and took the name Mahmoud. Thus he earned the support of his earlier enemy Mongol Emir Norooz. Within a few months, Ghazan challenged Baydu for the throne, having him executed on Oct, 5, 1295. Mahmoud Ghazan, then eliminated the... Read Full Article:


February, 26, 1301 A.D.:
Amir Mobarezoddin Is Born


Mobarezoddin Muhammad, founder of the Muzaffarid Dynasty was born on March, 5, 1301 in Meybod of Yazd. He was brought up at the Ilkhanates court but returned to Meybod upon the death of Oljaitu. In around 1319 he overthrew the Atabeg of Yazd and was subsequently recognized as governor of the city by... Read Full Article:


May, 11, 1304 A.D.:
Ghazan Khan Dies


After the death of Chengiz Khan, the vast Mongol empire was divided into four pieces. The Ilkhanates founded by Hulagu Khan in 1256 ruled in Persia for 80 years. Ghazan Khan came to power in 1295. Born from a Christian mother and a Budhist father, he had converted to Islam and taken the name Mahmoud... Read Full Article:


March, 20, 1311 A.D.:
Change of Currency from Iranian Qiran to Rial


The qiran (Persian: قران‎; also Romanized qerun or kran) was a currency of Iran between 1825 and 1932. It was subdivided into 20 shahi or 1000 dinar and was worth one tenth of a toman. The rial replaced the kran at par in 1932, although it was divided into one hundred (new) dinars. The qiran i... Read Full Article:


March, 20, 1318 A.D.:
Inauguration of Trans-Iranian Railway


The Trans-Iranian Railway (Persian: راه آهن سراسری ایران) was a major railway building project started in 1927 and completed in 1938, under the direction of the Persian monarch, Reza Shah, and entirely with indigenous capital. It links the capital Tehran with the Persian Gulf and Ca... Read Full Article:


January, 17, 1323 A.D.:
Mobarezoddin Mohammad Proclaims King


Mobarezoddin Mohammad was the son of Amir Mozaffar, a subordinate of Mongol Ilkhanates from Arab origin who was the governor of Meybod. After the death of Oljaitu, Mobarezoddin overthrew the Atabeg of Yazd and was later recognized by the Ilkhanates as the governor. Following Abu Saeed's death, he us... Read Full Article:


March, 10, 1333 A.D.:
Mozaffarid Shah Shoja Is Born


Born as Abolfavares Jalaloddin on March, 18, 1333 in Nashtifan city of Khvaf, he was later to be known as Shah Shoja son of Mobarezoddin Mohammad of Mozaffarid Dynasty. Shah Shoja proved to be a less of a tyrannical figure, but he was constantly fighting with his brothers, causing a long period of ... Read Full Article:


April, 10, 1336 A.D.:
End OF Mongol Persia


Abu Saeed from the Ilkhanates Dynasty died on Dec, 1, 1335 leaving a corrupt, and barbaric tribal rule that staged biggest massacres in history, alongside destruction of many sources of science and culture. The Ilkhanates state lost cohesion after his death, despite the fact that Arpagan, a descende... Read Full Article:


March, 16, 1337 A.D.:
Saebedaran Uprising Against Ilkhanid Moghuls


The Sarbadar state came into existence around early 1337. At that time, much of Khurasan was under the control of the Ilkhanid claimant Togha Temur and his amirs. One of his subjects, 'Ala' al-Din Muhammad, had jurisdiction over the city of Sabzavar. His oppressive taxation of the area caused an 'Ab... Read Full Article:


July, 18, 1342 A.D.:
Sarbedaran's Early Downfall


After 120 years of Mongol and Tatar rule over Iran, the Sarbedaran uprising was a significant movement against tyranny leading to establishment of an independent Iranian Shiite state in Khorasan centered in Sabzevar. Following this movement, many other cities revolted and created a golden page in th... Read Full Article:

Periods of the Iranian/Persian History by Dynasties