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به روز شده:Sunday 12th October 2014

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(Wikipedia) - Navy   (Redirected from Naval) "Naval" and "Naval Force" redirect here. For other uses of "Naval", see Naval (disambiguation). For other uses of "Navy", see Navy (disambiguation).The Spanish Armada fighting the English navy at the Battle of Gravelines in 1588
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INS Vikramaditya (R33) with a Sea Harrier aircraft in the Arabian Sea. It is Indian Navy''s largest aircraft carrier.

A navy (or maritime force) is a fleet of waterborne military vessels (watercraft) and its associated naval aviation, both sea-based and land-based. It is the branch of a nation''s armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions. It includes anything conducted by surface ships, amphibious ships, submarines, and seaborne aviation, as well as ancillary support, communications, training, and other fields; recent developments have included space-related operations. The strategic offensive role of a navy is projection of force into areas beyond a country''s shores (for example, to protect sea-lanes, ferry troops, or attack other navies, ports, or shore installations). The strategic defensive purpose of a navy is to frustrate seaborne projection-of-force by enemies. The strategic task of the navy also may incorporate nuclear deterrence by use of nuclear missiles. Naval operations can be broadly divided between riverine and littoral applications (brown-water navy), open-ocean applications (blue-water navy), and something in between (green-water navy), although these distinctions are more about strategic scope than tactical or operational division.

In most nations, the term "naval", as opposed to "navy", is interpreted as encompassing all maritime military forces, e.g., navy, marine / marine corps, and coast guard forces.

  • 1 Etymology and senses
  • 2 History
  • 3 Operations
  • 4 Traditions
  • 5 Naval organization
    • 5.1 Ships
    • 5.2 Boats
    • 5.3 Units
    • 5.4 Personnel
    • 5.5 Ranks
  • 6 Naval infantry
  • 7 Naval aviation
  • 8 Additional reading
  • 9 See also
  • 10 Notes and references
  • 11 External links

Etymology and senses

First attested in English in the early 14th century, the word "navy" came via Old French navie, "fleet of ships", from the Latin navigium, "a vessel, a ship, bark, boat", from navis, "ship". The word "naval" came from Latin navalis, "pertaining to ship"; cf. Greek ναῦς (naus), "ship", ναύτης (nautes), "seaman, sailor". The earliest attested form of the word is in the Mycenaean Greek compound word

Tags:French, Greek, Wikipedia

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