Guantanamo Bay Inlet of the Caribbean Sea, southeastern Cuba. It is one of the largest bays in the world: Its strategic importance was recognized during the Spanish-American War, when U.S. marines landed there in 1898. A U.S. naval base, established in 1903, remained there even after hostilities erupted between the two countries in 1959; the base served as an internment facility for suspected Islamic militants beginning in 2002 and has a notorious reputation for records of torture and human rights abuse. (Wikipedia) - Guantánamo (Redirected from Guantanamo) For other uses, see Guantánamo (disambiguation).
| Main street in front of post office |
| Guantánamo municipality (red) within Guantánamo Province (yellow) and Cuba |
|GuantánamoLocation of Guantánamo in Cuba |
|Coordinates: 20°08′12″N 75°12′50″W / 20.13667°N 75.21389°W / 20.13667; -75.21389Coordinates: 20°08′12″N 75°12′50″W / 20.13667°N 75.21389°W / 20.13667; -75.21389 |
| Cuba |
|741.4 km2 (286.3 sq mi) |
|46 m (151 ft) |
|280/km2 (740/sq mi) |
|EST (UTC-5) |
|+53 21 |
Guantánamo is a municipality and city in southeast Cuba and capital of Guantánamo Province.
Guantánamo is served by the Caimanera port near the site of a U.S. Naval base. The area produces sugarcane and cotton wool. These are traditional parts of the economy. Contents
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Transport
- 5 The song "Guantanamera"
- 6 Gallery
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
The city was founded in 1797 in the area of a farm named Santa Catalina. The toponym "Guantánamo" means, in Taíno language, "land between the rivers". Geography Overview
The municipality is mountainous in the north, at Humboldt National Park, where it overlays the Sierra Maestra (mountains), and borders the Windward Passage of the Caribbean Sea in the south. It is crossed by the Bano, Guantánamo, Yateras, Guaso, San Andrés and Sabanalamar rivers. The city is spread with a square plan and is crossed in the middle by the Carretera Central highway. Guantánamo Bay is a natural harbour south of it.
The municipality borders with El Salvador, Niceto Pérez, Caimanera, Yateras, Manuel Tames and Sagua de Tánamo; this one in Holguín Province. It counts the villages of Argeo Martínez, Arroyo Hondo, Glorieta, Las Lajas and Paraguay.
Prior to 1976 it was divided into the barrios and villages Arroyo Hondo, Baitiquirí, Bano, Bayate, Caimanera, Camarones, Caridad, Corralillo, Cuatro Caminos, Filipinas, Glorieta, Gobierno, Guaso, Hospital, Indios, Isleta, Jaibo Abajo, Las Lajas, Macurijes, Mercado, Ocujal, Parroquia, Palma de San Juan, Rastro, Tiguabos and Vínculo. After 1976 reform part of municipal territory was split in the municipalities of El Salvador, Niceto Pérez, Caimanera and San Antonio del Sur. United States Naval Base Main article: Guantánamo Bay Naval Base
About 15 km away from the city lies the Guantánamo Bay, a superior natural harbor which has been militarily occupied by the United States since 1898, when it was captured from Spain in the Battle of Guantánamo Bay, and was subsequently leased from Cuba in 1903 by the Cuban–American Treaty. It is the site of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. Demographics
In 2004, the municipality of Guantánamo had a population of 244,603. With a total area of 741 km2 (286 sq mi), it has a population density of 330.1 /km2 (855 /sq mi). Famous Guantanameros
Notable natives of Guantánamo include athletes Joel Casamayor, Erislandy Lara, Yuriorkis Gamboa, Yumileidi Cumbá, Jaime Jefferson, Yargelis Savigne, Dayron Robles, Luis Delís, Cuban-American gymnast Annia Hatch, and cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez. Transport
The city is served by the Carretera Central highway, and is the western terminus of the A1 motorway, that is mainly under construction and will link Guantánamo with Havana. The city airport "Mariana Grajales" is located near the villages of Las Lajas and Paraguay. The song "Guantanamera" Main article: Guantanamera
"Guantanamera" (Spanish: "from Guantánamo ", thus "woman from Guantánamo") is perhaps the best known Cuban song and that country''s most noted patriotic song. In 1966, a version by American vocal group The Sandpipers, based on an arrangement by Pete Seeger, became an international hit. Gallery
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