Chilean Navy

نیروی دریایی شیلی

ID:18791 Section: Military

Updated:Tuesday 14th October 2014

Chilean Navy Definition

(Wikipedia) - Chilean Navy Chilean Navy ''''Armada de Chile'''' Active Country Size Motto March Anniversaries Engagements Commanders Commander in Chief of the Navy Notable commanders Insignia Naval Ensign Naval Jack Roundel of Naval Aviation
Coat of arms of the Chilean Navy
1817–present
 Chile
25,000 personnel 71 vessels 8 frigates 4 submarines 4 amphibious warfare ship 7 fast attack craft 8 patrol boat 2 corvettes 39 auxiliary ship
Vencer o Morir ("Conquer or Die")
Brazas a ceñir (Brass on the Anchors) by WO1 Luis Mella Toro (Official hymn)
21 May, Día de las Glorias Navales (Navy Day)
Chilean War of Independence (1810–1826) Peruvian War of Independence (1811–1824) War of the Confederation (1836–1839) Chincha Islands War (1864–1866) War of the Pacific (1879–1883) 1891 Chilean Civil War
Admiral Enrique Larrañaga Martin
Lord Thomas Cochrane Manuel Blanco Encalada Juan José Latorre Arturo Prat Jorge Montt Juan Williams Rebolledo

The Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile) is the naval force of Chile.

Contents
  • 1 History
    • 1.1 Origins and the Wars of Independence (1817–1830)
    • 1.2 Age of exploration, territorial expansion and wars (1830–1885)
    • 1.3 Civil war and arms race (1885–1915)
    • 1.4 Depression, mutiny and political turmoils (1915–1950)
    • 1.5 Role in Antarctica, incidents with Argentina and the navy in the government (1950–1990)
  • 2 Present
  • 3 Wars and conflicts
  • 4 Inventory
    • 4.1 Submarine
    • 4.2 Frigates
    • 4.3 Fast Attack Craft
    • 4.4 Underway replenishment
    • 4.5 Amphibious warfare
    • 4.6 Patrol boat
  • 5 Aircraft inventory
  • 6 Chilean Marines
  • 7 Future Navy acquisitions
  • 8 SHOA
  • 9 Ranks and rates
  • 10 Commanders-in-chief
  • 11 Historic ships
  • 12 Gallery
  • 13 Footnotes
  • 14 Endnotes
  • 15 References
  • 16 External links

History See also: Maritime history of Chile Origins and the Wars of Independence (1817–1830) Main article: First Chilean Navy Squadron

The origins of the Chilean Navy date back to 1817. A year before General Bernardo O''Higgins prophetically declared that the Chilean victory at the Battle of Chacabuco subsequent victories wouldn''t be of significance if Chile did not gain control of the sea.

This led to the development of the Chilean Navy, and the first legal resolutions outlining the organization of the institution were created. Chile''s First National Fleet and the Academy for Young Midshipmen which was the predecessor of the current Naval Academy were founded. As were the Marine Corps and the Supply Commissary.

The Chilean Squadron sails off for Perú

The first commander of the Chilean Navy was Manuel Blanco Encalada. However the famous British naval commander Lord Cochrane who formerly had been a Captain in the Royal navy, was hired by Chileans to organise and command the Navy. Cochrance recruited an almost all-anglophone complement of officers and midshipmen and crews of British, Irish and American seamen. He became a key figure in the war against loyalist forces in Peru and was instrumental in taking control of the fortresses of Valdivia even though he failed in his attempt to conquer Chiloé Island.

In March 1824, the Chilean Navy and Army undertook an expedition to expel the Spanish from Chiloé Archipelago. An expedition was dispatched to Chiloé Island however ended in failure when the Chilean Army led by Jorge Beauchef was defeated at the Battle of Mocopulli. It was only after Ramón Freire''s Chiloé expedition in 1826 did the royalist forces at Chiloé under the command of Antonio de Quintanilla, surrender and Chiloé joined the new Chilean nation.

Age of exploration, territorial expansion and wars (1830–1885)

After the wars of independence, a series of conflicts demonstrated the importance of the Navy to the nation. First of these conflicts were the War of the Confederation (1836–1839), the Chincha Islands War (1864–1866) and the War of the Pacific (1879–1883). The founding of Fuerte Bulnes in the Strait of Magellan marked the starting point of a series of Chilean Navy explorations, led by navy hydrographers like Francisco Vidal Gormaz and Francisco Hudson, in the unknown zone between the Strait of Magellan and Chiloé. To deal with this new area of activity the navy founded in 1874 the Hydrographic Office whose first director was Francisco Vidal Gormaz.

The Chilean war hero and martyr Arturo Prat is regarded as the ultimate example of the commitment of the Navy to its country, after his death while leading a boarding party onto the enemy ironclad Huáscar at the naval battle of Iquique on 21 May 1879, during the War against Peru and Bolivia. The anniversary of this battle is celebrated every year as a public holiday called Día de las Glorias Navales. Prat is also considered to be one of the co-founders of the Naval Seaman Training School in 1868, which began operating a year later, and was one of the Naval Academy''s finest graduate officers that in 1943 it became the National Naval School "Arturo Prat" in his honor.

The Navy further distinguished itself during the Battle of Pisagua in 1879, led by both the Navy and the Marine Artillery Groups and Marine Infantry, the world''s first modern military landing operation, that resulted in Chilean victories in other parts of Peru''s Tarapaca region, and resulted to its annexation by Chile.

After navy visits to Easter Island in 1875 and 1887, Chilean navy officer Policarpo Toro managed to negotiate an incorporation of the island into Chile with native Rapanui in 1888. By occupying Easter Island, Chile joined the imperial nations.(p53)

With the Peruvian Navy destroyed, Bolivia becoming a landlocked country and Argentina having only a brown-water navy the Chilean Navy had a regional hegemony in the years following the War of the Pacific. To secure this advantage and not letting new Argentine acquisitions challenge Chilean Naval power the Chilean government decided to modernize its navy. The modernization plan included the ordering of two cruisers, two torpedo boat destroyers and the modernization of two armoured ships in English docks.

Civil war and arms race (1885–1915)

Tags:1888, American, Argentina, Argentine, Bolivia, British, Chile, Chilean Navy, Chiloé Island, Depression, Easter, Jos, Lord, Maritime, Pacific, Peru, Thomas, Wikipedia

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