Assyria : Ancient empire in southwestern Asia that was at its height between the ninth and seventh centuries BC.The term Assyria can also refer to the geographic region or heartland where these empires were centered.It grew from a small region around Ashur (in northern Iraq) to encompass an area stretching from Palestine to Anatolia. Assyria may have originated in the 3rd millennium BC, but it came to power gradually. Its greatest period began in the 9th century BC, when its conquests reached the Mediterranean Sea under Ashur Nasirpal II (883-859), and again с 746-609 BC, during the Neo-Assyrian empire, when it conquered much of the Middle East. Its greatest rulers during the latter period were Tiglath-pileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib, and Ashur Banipal. Famous for their cruelty and fighting prowess.Assyrians were also monumental builders, as shown by archaeological finds at Nineveh, Ashur, and Calah. The opulence of Ashurbanipal's court at Nineveh became legendary. Artistically, the Assyrians were particularly noted for their stone bas-reliefs. Assyria grew around four cities around Tigris; Ashur, Arbela, Nimrud, and NinevehThe kingdom was vanquished between 626 and 612 BC, when Nineveh was destroyed by the kings of Media and Babylonia.During the Old Assyrian period (20th to 15th centuries BCE), Ashur controlled much of Upper Mesopotamia and parts of Asia Minor. In the Middle Assyrian period (15th to 10th centuries BCE), its influence waned and was subsequently regained in a series of conquests. The Neo-Assyrian Empire of the Early Iron Age (911 - 612 BCE) expanded further, and under Ashur banipal (r. 668 - 627 BCE) for a few decades controlled all of the Fertile Crescent, as well as Egypt, before succumbing to Neo-Babylonian and Median expansion, which were in turn conquered by the Persian Empire.List of Assyrian Kings & Rulers:-Shamshi-Adad I (reigned 1813-1780 B.C.)-Ishme-Dagan I (reigned circa 1780-1741 B.C.)Vassal Assyrian ruler under Babylonian Empire:-Mut-Ashkur (c. 1740-1730 )-Rimu ( c. 1730-1727)-Asinum (c. 1726 )-Usurpers Puzur-Sin (c. 1726-1707)-Ashur-dugul (c. 1706)-Ashur-apla-idi -Nasir-Sin -Sin-namir -Ipqi-Ishtar -Adad-salulu (1701 B.C.)-Libaia (1690-1673 B.C.)-Sharma-Adad I (1673-1661 B.C.)-Iptar-Sin ( 1661-1649 B.C.)-Bazaia. (1649-1621 B.C.)-Lullaia (1621-1615 B.C.)-Kidin-Ninua (1615-1601 B.C.)-Sharma-Adad II (1601-1598 B.C.)-Erishum III (1598-1585 B.C.)-Shamshi-Adad II. (1585-1579 B.C.)-Ishme-Dagan II. (1579-1563 B.C.)-Shamshi-Adad III (1563-1547 B.C.)-Ashur-Nirari I. (1547-1521 B.C.)-Puzur-Ashur III (1521-1497 B.C.)-Enlil-Nasir I. (1497-1483 B.C.)-Nur-Ili (1483-c. 1475 B.C.)- About 1500 B.C. Assyria rulers under Mitanni-Ashur-Shaduni.( 1475 -1472 B.C.)-Ashur-Rabi I. (1472-1452 B.C.)-Ashur-Nadin-Ahhe I. (1452-1432 B.C.)-Enlil-Nasir II. (1432-1426 B.C.)-Ashur-Nirari II.( 1426-1419 B.C.)-Ashur-Bel-Nisheshu (1419-1410 B.C.)-Ashur-Rim-Nisheshu. (1410-1402 B.C.)-Ashur-Nadin-Ahhe II (1402-1392 B.C.)-Eriba-Adad I. (1392-1365 B.C.)-Ashur Uballit 1 (reigned 1364-13 (Wikipedia) - Assyria This article is about ancient Assyria. For modern uses, see Assyrian. "Assyrian Empire" redirects here. For the most powerful stage of the ancient Assyrian state, see Neo-Assyrian Empire.Overview map of the Ancient Near East in the 15th century BC (Middle Assyrian period), showing the core territory of Assyria with its two major cities Assur and Nineveh wedged between Babylonia downstream (to the south-east) and the states of Mitanni and Hatti upstream (to the north-west).
Tags:Anatolia, Arbela, Ashur, Ashur Banipal, Ashur Uballit 1, Asia, Asia Minor, Assyria, Assyrian, Babylonia, Egypt, Iraq, Media, Mediterranean, Mediterranean Sea, Mesopotamia, Middle East, Near East, Nineveh, Palestine, Persian, Persian Empire, Tigris, Uballit, Wikipedia